Several species of dabbling ducks are known to eat P. crispus seeds and turions (Hunt and Lutz 1959). Vascular Plant Collection - University of Washington Herbarium (WTU). Structural class. Potamogeton crispus L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 65:655-668. Potamogeton crispus L. (600-2000 m; Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia) Potamogeton filiformis Pers. Created on 04/03/2007. 1959. Secor. Although examination for P. crispus hybridization has been limited, two hybrids exist globally, and one hybrid is known to exist in North America. Water Research 46(8): 2570—2578. Darrin Fresh Water Institute, Aquatic Plant Identification Program, Bolton Landing, New York. Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. 1985. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. iMapInvasives. 201 pp. Aquatic Control, Inc. 2007. Curly-leaf pondweed is a rhizomatous perennial herb producing a flattened, branching stem up to a meter long. Central Hardwoods Invasive Plant Network. Created on 09/10/2008. Infested waters in North Dakota. Available 2008. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Created on 07/08/2015. This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. It appears reddish-brown in the water, but is actually green when examined out of water. Established in all of the continental United States and Ontario in Canada. Distrubutional history of Potamogeton crispus (curly pondweed) in North America. Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. Minstry of Natural Resources, Ontario, Canada. Washington Department of Ecology . Wetland plants of Oregon and Washington. It is associated with freshwater habitat. 2010). Southwestern Naturalist 34(2):289-291. Rhodora 108(936):329-346. Eichler, L.W. These physical methods are indiscriminate and should only be used on monoculture populations of P. crispus (ENSR International 2005). Titus, J.E. (Potamogeton crispus) Curly-leaf Pondweed can be identified through a variety of physical characteristics. University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Invasive species of aquatic plants and wild animals in Minnesota: annual report for 2009. US Army Corps of Engineers; Engineer Research and Development Center; Aquatic Plant Control Research Program. 231 pp. Page 10 p in Indiana Lakes. Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MI DEQ). 2010. It grows entirely underwater except for the flower stalk which rises above the water (WA-DOE 2001). 2013 aquatic invasive species monitoring results. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). Follow. 2008). 1980. Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Utah. Expensive control programs are often needed to reduce the impacts on recreational activities and to maintain waterfront property values (IL DNR 2005). Foliage Leaves are sessile, oblong, stiff, 1.6-3.9 in. In early June plants flower, fruit, and form turions, and then plants senesce by mid-July (Tobiessen and Snow 1983) in most areas of its range. Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Cheyenne, WY. 1986. Curly pondweed may clog waterways, inhibiting aquatic recreation and is considered a nuisance in some areas. Herbarium (UNA). Accessed on 05/13/2015. Dritschilo, G. 2010. Ning, Z.F. is a rooted submersed macrophyte that grows in freshwater lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams. 2015. 1990. 2010. Rhodora 95(883/884):348-351. Accessed on 02/25/2016. 2011). Aquatic vegetation monitoring by natural resources agencies in the United States. Accessed on 07/08/2015. The species has spread across much of the United States, presumably by migrating waterfowl, intentional planting for waterfowl and wildlife habitat, and possibly even as a contaminant in water used to transport fishes and fish eggs to hatcheries (Stuckey 1979). ), P.lucens (P. × cadburyae Dandy & G.Taylor), P. praelongus (P. × undulatus Wolgf. 1978; Tobiessen and Snow 1983). Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. Hunt, G.S., and R.W. GISIN, Fort Collins, CO. West Virginia Bulletin, Morgantown, WV. Checklist of Vascular Aquatic Plants of Tennessee. 1993. 1979. 2006. All plants, including natives, will be exposed to drying or freezing (ENSR International 2005). Volume I. Cranbrook Insitute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium. 2015. iMapInvasives New York. The Iowa State University Press/Ames. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 2008. 2016. The leaves are linear or oblong in shape. USU-UTC Specimen Database. In the present study, Potamogeton crispus L. plants exposed to various concentrations of silver (Ag) (5, 10, 15, and 20 microM) for 5d were investigated to determine the accumulating potential of Ag and its influence on nutrient elements, chlorophyll … The optimal timing for cutting is debated. Pennsylvania Flora Project. The Idaho Invasive Species Council Technical Committee. Accessed on 07/09/2015. McGregor, R.L., and T.M. 1968. The Missouri Dept of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO in cooperation with the Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St Louis, MO. WI DNR. 1913. 1986. P. crispus survives the winter as whole, intact leafy plants (even under thick ice and snow cover) (Stuckey et al. The Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT. 26 pp. INVADERS Database System. [Total phosphorus removal from eutrophic water in Baiyangdian Lake by Potamogeton crispus]. Nichols, S.A., and B.H. Aquatic macrophytes of the Upper San Marcos River, Hays Co., Tesas. 2012. iMapInvasives Oregon. Marsh and aquatic angiosperms of Iowa. Chi, J. and Q. Yang. Available Since it starts to die back rather early, it is probably a good idea to cut it back in July after it has flowered. 1997. Journal of Great Lakes Research 19(1):1-54. Control Biological The herbivorous grass carp, Ctenpharyngodon idella, will provide effective control of P. crispus, but may feed on native plants (CEH 2004). Robinson, F.D., and R.E. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. However, it is tolerant of significant nutrient pollution, and this has allowed it to persist in intensively farmed areas where more sensitive pondweeds have declined. Endothall and diquat may offer effective control if applied to P. crispus before turion production; typically in April and May (ENSR International 2005; WI DNR 2012). Realized: Surface mats of P. crispus can become a nuisance and inhibit aquatic recreation such as boating, fishing, and swimming  (IL DNR 2009; Jensen 2009). Some unwelcome additions to the flora of New Hampshire. robber. Ecological life histories of the three aquatic nuisance plants, Myriophyllum spicatum, Potamogeton crispus, and Elodea canadensis. Hybrids with various other pondweeds are recorded, but these do not usually closely resemble P. crispus. 2 pp. Fisheries Section, Game and Fish Division, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Spanish Fort, AL. IPNI Life Sciences Identifier (LSID) Publication Species Plantarum Collation 1: 126 Date of Publication 1 May 1753 Family as entered in IPNI Potamogetonaceae Created on 04/02/2007. It may be found in slightly brackish waters (Catling and Dobson 1985). 1985. [Article in Chinese]. 2015. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arlington, Va. 145 pp. I. Alismatidae. 2006. It is in flower from May to October, and the seeds ripen from June to October. Wunderlin, R., and B. Hansen. As the vast quantity of plant matter decomposes, the concentration of oxygen in the water can drop significantly and possibly impact fish (IPANE 2013; Lui et al. Hydrobiologia 131(1):3-21. Descripción. Angela Poovey FISH 423 course material (Fall 2008) - Potamogeton crispus, A closer look at the current aquatic plant life of Lake Beseck, GLERL 4840 S. State Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48108-9719 (734) 741-2235 Center for Field Biology, Austin University, Clarksville, TN. 2012. Aquatic Plant Management. Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. Dense growth of P. crispus can reduce the flow in irrigation canals (Catling and Dobson 1985; ENSR International 2005). 2007. In waters too turbid to support other submersed macrophytes, P. crispus may provide ecosystem benefits for fish and wildlife habitat and a source of macroinvertebrate food organisms. 1972. Consortium of California Herbaria, Berkeley, CA. Potamogeton crispus L., a species of pondweed, is widely used in such restoration because it can be easily propagated through its turions. University of Utah. In common with other pondweeds of this group it roots poorly from stem cuttings and is best propagated by division of the rhizomes or from turions. According to USDA, NRCS (2018), Potamogeton crispus is listed as a Class C noxious weed in Alabama and Washington, an invasive, banned plant in Connecticut, an invasive aquatic plant in Maine, a prohibited species in Massachusetts, and a Class B noxious weed in Vermont. 2006. Great Lakes Commission (GLC). http://seinetasuedu/collections/selectionjsp?cat=plantae. It has simple, broad leaves and green flowers. Aquatic Weed Control. Curly Leaf Pondweed (Potamogeton crispus) Biological invaders, like Potamogeton crispus L. are huge threats to biodiversity in the ecosystem and associated aquatic industry (Sala et al., 2000). Reapplication of diqaut in subsequent years may be necessary for complete control  (Bugbee 2009). 2012. Means of Introductions in the United States From CABI (2018): Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils. Hydrobiologia 131(1):3-21. Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Angiosperms: Monocots. 1972. University of Washington Burke Museum. Michigan State University. 1974. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. There are described hybrids with Potamogeton trichoides (P. × bennettii Fryer), P.perfoliatus (P. × cooperi (Fryer) Fryer), P. alpinus (P. × olivaceus Baagøe ex G.Fisch. Bell. Tarbell, D., and Associates, Inc. 2007. Chinese Journal of Environmental Science. 2010. 2011. Aquatic Invasives Data and Maps. 2007. 2014 aquatic invasive species monitoring and results. 1993. Draheim, R., M. Sytsma, R. Miller, and J. Cordell. 58 pp. Roth. University of Kansas Biodiversity Institute. Univ North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. Voss, E.G. Created on 01/10/2014. Associated Press. 2016. Radford, A.E., H.E. Falter, C.M., R. Naskali, J. Leonard, F. Rabe, and H. Bobisud. long). Aquatic weeds of Lake Seminole, Jim Woodruff Reservoir. Evidence for the hybrid origin of Potamogeton x cooperi (Potamogetonaceae): Traditional morphology-based taxonomy and molecular techniques in concert. When dense stands of curlyleaf pondweed die off midsummer, it can have a drastic effect on the water quality. Benson, A. J., C.C. Source. Haynes, R.R. Subject. 2013. Effects of Potamogeton crispus L. on the fate of phthalic acid esters in an aquatic microcosm. Journal of Wildlife Management 23(4):405-408. Börner. Seed production by curly-leaved pondweed and its significance to waterfowl. ; No specimens have been seen from New Brunswick, but the species is to be expected there. Land mgmt. Plant material should be removed after it is cut to prevent regrowth or decreases in oxygen concentration due to plant decomposition (ENSR International 2005). NVS code Help. Wisconsin Dept. 3 vols. Correll. University Press of Colorado. Removal of cadmium by Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx. 1989. 117 pp. Potamogeton crispus f. vulgaris Fieber Potamogeton crispus var. Some agencies claim that plants should be cut  im early spring and as close to the sediment surface as possible to prevent turion formation (MI DEQ 2015; WI DNR 2012). Alix, M.S., and R.W. 2001. 2009. Catling, P.M. and I. Dobson. Brown. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, MD. State University of Iowa, Ames, IA. Vol. Great Lakes Panel of Aquatic Nuisance Species (GLPANS). Curlyleaf pondweed: What's next? 1984. Accessed on 09/08/2008. Ecological studies on Potamogeton pectinatus L. I. general characteristics, biomass production and life cycles under field conditions. Accessed 29 April 2013. IPANE. Harvill, A.M., C.E. Virginia Botanical Associates, Farmville. Range Extensions and First reports for some Tennessee Vascular Plants. BHL POWO . Madsen, J.D. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH). Beal, E.O., and J.W. 14 pp. Created on 06/18/2015. The Nature Conservancy. Shultz, and S. Goodrich. When removing this species via digging, root crowns should also be removed from the soil; this removal method can be enhanced by the use of a suction apparatus (ENSR International 2005). This method will eliminate all vegetation, including native species, in 30 – 60 days (ENSR International 2005; GLIFWC 2006). Created on 09/23/2008. 2008. Tobiessen, P., and P.D. Accessed on 12/04/2015. Mills, E.L., J.H. E. C. Smith Herbarium (ACAD). Shaw. 1977. 1997. [Article in Chinese]. ), P. ochreatus (P. × jacobsii Z.Kaplan, Fehrer & Hellq.) Bartonia 46:22-42. However, little is known so far of the growth characteristics of turions growing under limited light or even in total darkness. Weber, W.A. EDDMapS: Early detection and distribution mapping system. Physical Small infestations can be removed manually by cutting, raking, or digging up plants (The Idaho Invasive Species Council Technical Committee 2007). Wofford, R. Kral, H.R. Thayer, D.D., I.A. Consortium of California Herbaria. and Potamogeton crispus L. and its effect on pigments and total phenolic compounds. Accessed on 11/20/2015. Center for Field Biology, Austin University, Clarksville, TN. Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission, Odanah, WI. 2006. 1988. Indiana Department of Natural Resources (IN DNR). 1978), then grow rapidly in early spring when water temperatures are still quite cool (10-15°C). Bismark, ND. 2004. 1975. This method is only appropriate for whole lake applications (IL DNR 2005). Lui, K., M. Butler, M. Allen, E. Snyder, J. da Silva, B. Brownson, and A. Ecclestone. Potamogeton crispus (Curled Pondweed) is a species of perennial herb in the family Potamogetonaceae. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. 2009. Journal of Lake and Reservoir Management 13(2):109-117. Aquatic Botany 31:211-258. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. Potamogeton crispus is a PERENNIAL at a fast rate. † Populations may not be currently present. Volume 2. Curly-leaved Pondweed (Potamogeton crispus). Netherland, R.M. Game and Fish Division, Alabama Department of conservation and Natural Resouces and US Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District, Mobile, AL. McKern, J.L. Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Cheyenne, WY. Vascular – Exotic. Sivaci, A., E. Elmas, F. Gümüs, and E. R. Sivaci. Antimicrobial activity of some macrophytes from Lake Manzalah (Egypt). State of Michigan’s status and strategy for curly-leafed pondweed (Potamogeton crispus L.). Washington State Department Ecology, Olympia, WA. Kaplan, Z. and J. Fehrer. 2010. US Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, Contract No: DACW68-72-C-0269, Walla Walla, WA. In some waterbodies, water draw-down may be an option. 2nd edition. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN. North Dakota Game and Fish Department. trying to control present invasive species and prevent others. Rapid Response Plan for Curlyleaf Pondweed (Potamogeton crispus) in Massachusetts. iMapInvasives. Part I Gymnosperms and Monocots. Detrimental: Curly leaf pondweed (Potamogeton crispus)is an invasive plant that forms surface mats that interfere with aquatic recreation. Zolczynski, J., and M.J. Eubanks. Appalachian Power Company, Roanoke, VA. (accessed 9 June 2008). Florida Museum of Natural History. 1999. Pfingsten, L. Cao, and L. Herbarium Specimen Voucher Data, Norton Brown Herbarium (MARY). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 11(21): 2454—2463. Curled Pondweed is native to Australia, Asia, Europe, North America, and Africa. St. James Plaindealer. Lake Michigan Field Station, 1431 Beach St., Muskegon, MI 49441-1098 (231) 759-7824 iMapInvasives. 2010). Accessed on 02/03/2016. Thieret. US Fish and Wildlife Service. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Experiments conducted in China showed that P. crispus is able of removing nitrogen from eutrophic water and sediment; thus improving the water quality (Ren et al. Tian, and J. Oregon State University vascular plant collection. Curlyleaf Pondweed (Potamogeton crispus). Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. Potamogeton crispus is native to a wide range of countries in Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia (Sumatra), Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam); Africa, the Middle East, Australia, and Europe. Uptake of cerium, cobalt and cesium by Potamogeton crispus. acutifolius Fieber Potamogeton crispus var. Potamogeton crispus is sometimes cultivated as a pond plant, and generally speaking makes a good garden plant. To eutrophic waters and possible algal blooms ( Benson et al forb first described by Linnaeus in 1753 pondweeds... Plants, including native species, in 30 – 60 days ( ENSR International )... Stuckey et al can have a drastic effect on the water ( WA-DOE 2001 ). 5... Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a State Data Norton! 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