Mechanically expelled copra meal is of higher feeding value, because it contains typically 8–12% oil, whereas the solvent-extracted copra meal contains only 2–4% oil. Commercial yields of vegetable crops. It also yields de-fatted coconut cake after oil extraction, which is mainly used as feed for livestock. While, better still, the MNF option increased coconut yield in year 1, year 2 and ensuing years (years 3 to 5) by 50 %, 100%, and 150 % respectively. Read: How to Grow Broccoli in the Home Garden. A standard tree bears around 50–80 nuts a year, and average earnings in Vanuatu (1999) were US$0.20 per kg (one kg equals 8 nuts)—so a farmer could earn approximately US$120 to US$320 yearly for each planted hectare. Compared with other high-yield hybrid varieties in the market, the average yield for the third-generation strain is 10 to 20 percent higher-an increase of about 1.5 tons per hectare-Yuan said. Depending largely on age, copra yield per hectare has been estimated to vary from 0.5-1.0 t and 0.3-1.1 t (Ovasuru 1989). The production of copra – removing the shell, breaking it up, drying – is usually done where the coconut palms grow. DEFINITION: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Copra production begins on coconut plantations. In a hybrid solar drying system, solar energy is utilized during daylight and energy from burning biomass is used when sunlight is not sufficient or during night. [citation needed], "Kopra" redirects here. [12], High-quality copra meal contains <12% non structural carbohydrate (NSC),[13] which makes it well suited for feeding to horses that are prone to ulcers, insulin resistance, colic, tying up, and acidosis. <> Roots of carrot are used as a vegetable for soups & curries; graded roots are used as a salad, tender roots as pickles also Carrot halwa and jam are famous. One tree may yield on average 70-100 nuts to a maximum of 150 nuts per year. Yield and shade have a bell-shaped relationship (see Box 2), ... per hectare produce the highest coffee yield. The marketing efficiency study for copra in Sitio Coog, Mahan-ub, Bagangga was conducted last March 15,2001. [5] A very large number of small farmers and tree owners produce copra, which is a vital part of their income. This process can also be reversed, partially drying the copra in the kiln and finishing the process with sunlight. [15] It is identified as a Division 4.2 substance. The smoke residue can help preserve the half-dried meat but the process overall suffers from unpredictable results and the risk of fires. I hope the production will double following the new disease resistant varieties,” she said. Copra is highly susceptible to the growth of molds and their production of aflatoxins if not dried properly. Halved nuts are drained of water, and left with the meat facing the sky; they can be washed to remove mold-creating contaminants. It has been forbidden by ICAO from flight without the express written permission of a state authorised agency. Kalpa Sankara (CGDxWCT) The mean annual yield is approximately 85 nuts per palm. Nevertheless, potato and onion yields per hectare were still considerably higher (16 percent and 42 pe rcent respectively) than in harvest year 2018. Its high oil and protein levels are fattening for stock. They produce best when daytime temperatures are between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit and nighttime temperatures are above 60 or 65 degrees Fahrenheit. The kernel (copra, coco-water and shell) comprises 65 per cent of total weight, while the husk contributes 35 per cent. Yield per hectare When determining the yield per hectare (average yield), only those hectares which have been harvested, or which will still be harvested, are included in the calculation. In the chart we see the average yields in key cereal crops (wheat, barley and oats) in Chile from 1929-2014. Area Harvested (Million hectares) Yield (Metric tons per hectare) Production (Million metric tons) Change in Production From Last Year; Commodity [14], Copra has been classed with dangerous goods due to its spontaneously combustive nature. In former years copra was collected by traders going from island to island and port to port in the Pacific Ocean but South Pacific production is now much diminished, with the exception of Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.[5]. copra, this is average annual yield of 1.78 t/ha achievable by CSA over the unfertilized trees. Crop requires year-round warm temperatures and consistently high rainfall; harvesting the crop is labor intensive. And this is an average annual yield of 2.71 t copra The above data were used in calculating the comparative sales for green coconut, whole dehusked nuts, and copra. Once the oil is extracted, the remaining coconut cake is 18–25% protein but contains so much dietary fiber it cannot be eaten in large quantities by humans. Copra (or kobbari) (Hindi: खोपरा) (Malayalam: കൊപ്ര) is the dried meat or kernel of the coconut, which is the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Applications Tropical Agroforestry. Copra meal is used as fodder for horses and cattle. Now you can calculate the yield per area. Give a Geographical Reason for Each of the Following: the Yield per Hectare of Sugarcane is Higher in the Southern States. In India, small but whole coconuts can be dried over the course of eight months to a year, and the meat inside removed and sold as a whole ball. – Horsetalk.co.nz, Making Coconut Oil – The Old Chamorro Way, AFLATOXIN CONTAMINATION IN FOODS AND FEEDS IN THE PHILIPPINES, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Copra&oldid=992681560, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from November 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 15:25. big product companies may buy or you market them to local wholesale dealers. Carrot is important root crops cultivated throughout the world for its fleshy edible roots. In 1989, it produced 11.8 million tonnes and at the time was the second largest producer but has since surpassed Indonesia. * Data Description : Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. [8][9], In the Philippines, copra is collected as dried "cups" (the meat from one-half of a coconut), which are shipped in large burlap (hessian) bags. Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk). [3] Sun drying requires little more than racks and sufficient sunlight. In Indonesia well managed plantations of selected tall varieties yield 3.5-4.5 t copra/ha/year. Total weight of dry copra from 5 nuts (after sundrying) = 1.28 kg; Mean copra yield per nut = 0.26 kg (This indicates that 3.9 mature nuts of My Coconut Selection 1 yielded 1 kg of dry copra). Figure 1 illustrates average wheat yield per hectare for each typical farm. Result of Calculation. [6][7] Aflatoxins in copra cake, fed to animals, can be passed on in milk or meat, leading to human illnesses. Tomatoes are an annual vegetable that takes around 75 days from transplanting to first harvest. UDP area in Davao Oriental with three (3) copra seasons per annum, where copra farmers have an average landholding of 3.6 hectares and an average yield of 1,639 kilograms of copra per hectare in one season. (The pattern since 1957 is shown in Figure 1). In 1989, it produced 11.8 million tonnes and at the time was the second largest producer but has since surpassed Indonesia. After two days the meat can be removed from the shell with ease, and the drying process is complete after three to five more days (up to seven in total). [10][11] The protein in copra meal has been heat treated and provides a source of high-quality protein for cattle, sheep and deer, because it does not break down in the rumen. California and Florida are the largest tomato-producing states. For the name, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "OEC: The Observatory of Economic Complexity", "Determination of Aflatoxin B1 Levels in Organic Spices and Herbs", "Global Burden of Aflatoxin-Induced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Risk Assessment", "Analysis of aflatoxin B1 in contaminated feed, media, and serum samples of Cyprinus carpio L. by high-performance liquid chromatography", "AFRIS – Animal feed Resources Information System", Is Copra potentially a horse killer? There are Crop Yield in tons per hectare Conservative Likely Target. In 2012, the Philippines exported more than 1.5-million metric tonnes of copra, coconut oil, copra meal, desiccated coconut, coco shell charcoal, activated carbon and coco chemicals, a 1.49 per cent increase compared to the volume exported in 2011. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Instead, it is normally fed to ruminants.[2]. If the asparagus cassava yields, say, 1 kg per plant when planted at 40,000 plants per hectare, then we are talking about 40 t/ha. Figure 1 illustrates the average corn yield per hectare for each farm for the years data were available (between 1 to 6 years). Although this timeline could be considered conservative with respect to the yields that are projected, it is important to note that yields in any particular year are dependent on the weather and a number of other factors. OIL per HECTARE FORMULA Oil/Hectare = (oil/mesocarp) x (mesocarp/fruitlet) x (fruitlet/bunch) x (milling efficiency) x (bunch/hectare) Mill role : Oil extraction efficiency ---> Maximum efficiency & minimise loss R & D and Estate role : Maximise oil to bunch and yield per hectare Posted by ZAINAL ZAKARIAH at 6:06 PM. Average farm yields ranged from approximately 30.3 bushels per acre (2.04 metric tons per hectare) for the typical farm in Australia to 138.8 bushels per acre (9.33 metric tons per hectare) for the German farm. In 2018, the average yield of paddy in Malaysia was approximately 4,031 kilograms per hectare. Those hectares which were cultivated but where crops were lost (e.g. The hybrid is appropriate for tender nut purpose. Coconut trees are generally spaced 9 m (30 ft) apart, allowing a density of 100–160 coconut trees per hectare. In 2017 the value of global exports of copra was $145-146 Million. The average yield per hectare varies from 10,000 to 14,000 nuts per annum. Marketing of Coconuts: It’s very easy to market as it has always in demand. Artichoke, globe 3 5 7 - 8 Asparagus 1,5 2,5 4 Bean, broad 3 - 4 5 - 6 7 - 8 Bean, dwarf, green 5 7 - 8 10 - 15 Bean, lima 5 7 10 Bean, runner, green 7 10 15 - 20. Carrot farming is done in the spring, summer, and autumn in temperate climate countries and during winter in tropical and subtropical regions.. %PDF-1.3 5. ... yield potential of 3.0 tonnes per hectare is now under way. Coconut meat can be dried using direct heat and smoke from a fire, using simple racks to suspend the coconut over the fire. Yields of 4300-5000 kg. The largest importer of copra is the Philippines, which imports $93.4 Million or 64% of the global total. Irrigation: Microjets (7L/hr). Yield estimates are difficult in the absence, until recently, of any firm data on the area under coconuts. Yield varies from region to region (3 500 to 6 000 nuts/ha/year), which is due to a number of factors. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. This 19th-century copra trading inspired Robert Louis Stevenson's 1893 novella The Beach of Falesá, based on his experiences in Samoa. This is the way to a profitable orchard. [citation needed]. The calculation is further based on the assumption that on the average each of the hypothetical 100 coconut trees in one hectare produces 1 bunch with 15 nuts (although the computed average from 2 bunches is 25). The total fat produced is per year, not per crop, since one planting produces seeds continuously for at least several years. Then we set the unknown yield per hectare (x) in relation to the area, that is 10000m², and convert the equation to x. Crop Yield … Then we set the unknown yield per hectare (x) in relation to the area, that is 10000m², and convert the equation to x. At the shipping point (typically, a dock) the copra is sampled by driving a small metal tube into the bag at several points, thus perforating the cups and collecting small amounts of copra within the tubes. ". [citation needed] This method leaves the risk that many cups are missed by the random sampling—and seriously contaminated copra might be missed. Average corn yield for the farms in 2013 was 7.98 tons per hectare (127 bushels per acre). Production of copra for export has increased gradually since the early 1900's, although it has fluctuated from year to year. Premium quality copra meal can also contain 20–22% crude protein, and <20ppb aflatoxin. ��+���G��ũ�iWvM7��|��\4���5NC7�+a��;�\��&�v�1���r{?x���5=��7a����v�������. Copra production begins on coconut plantations. The largest exporter was Papua New Guinea with 35% of the global total, followed by Indonesia (20%), Solomon Islands (13%) and Vanuatu (12%). Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. The bulk of this production comes mostly from the island regions, which is about 70% of the total production of the whole country. The mould can be avoided if farmers only harvest mature nuts and by protecting their coconut yield from rain and moisture. Copra has traditionally been grated and ground then boiled in water to extract coconut oil. If drying naturally, copra should be left out in the sun for at least four days (ideally five). However, initial estimates made after the agricultural census are that average yields in the plantation sector are approximately three- quarters of a tonne per hectare, and declining. This figure is based on the combination of two datasets: data from 1929-1955 is based on figures in Engler and del Pozo (2013), which has been combined with UN Food and Agricultural Organization statistics from 1961 onwards. Oil yield per year is competitive with, or exceeds, all other oil staple crops, except palm oil. If copra is not dried safely, it is possible for a harmful mould called Aspergillus flavus to form. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. The copra yield will be 4.38 t/ha and oil is 3.04 t/ha. ". In the crop year 2019/2020, soybean yield in Brazil was forecasted to amount to 3.32 metric tons per hectare of area planted, up from 3.21 tons per hectare harvested in the preceding crop year. 5 0 obj Coconut oil is extracted from copra, making it an important agricultural commodity for many coconut-producing countries. Further, the computed copra yield of 4,680 kg/ha in one year is much too high. Copra has since more than doubled in price, and was quoted at US$540 per ton in the Philippines on a CIF Rotterdam basis (US$0.54 per kg) by the Financial Times on 9 November 2012. Starting with sun drying requires careful inspection to avoid contamination with mold while starting with kiln-drying can harden the meat and prevent it from drying out completely in the sun. Copra has since more than doubled in price, and was quoted at US$540 per ton in the Philippines on a CIF Rotterdam basis (US$0.54 per kg) by the Financial Times on 9 November 2012. Today we plant 10,000 plants per hectare and each plant produces 1.5 to 3 kg of the root or 15 to 30 t/ha (tonnes per hectare) of fresh root. Based on the estimated yield above outlined of 50 metric tons per hectare, one gets the following table that lists Production (according to plantation size in hectares) and related Gross Revenue (Calculated with a minimum of 20% margin on production costs if the fresh tomato is sold to a concentrate processing plant. x��]�o�u�DZ�DBfr)_K�%*N���\������I�8M��@��~j� R ��t^g��̜���@�}y��̙��~�_n����K���? The cost of production per acre can be high and can present complex problems to the grower, who must be knowledgeable about soils, fertilizers, pest control, harvesting, marketing and other record … “The average crop yield and the genetic potential yield of the improved planting materials indicate that productivity by smallholder farms is significantly below the genetic potential yield levels. This hybrid was suggested for cultivation in Kerala and Assam. closer the spacing, the more plants there will be per unit area. Although yield is only a partial gauge of whole-farm performance, it reflects the available production technology across farms. due to excessive water) are therefore not included. Worldwide, small-scale farms or smallholder plantations usually yield between 0.5 – 1 ton copra/ha/year. Because so many small producers are involved, it is impractical to monitor all the farms and drying sites (which is where aflatoxin contamination occurs). The additional call being made on farmers' time from June onwards by the need to clear and Hemp Oil Yield Per Hectare Is Hemp A Essential Oil (1) Hemp Oil Yield Per Hectare Hemp Oil And Warfarin Interaction (4) Why Doesn T Hemp Oil Tell Me How Much Cbd (3) Sec Charges Hemp Oil Company And Ceo With Fraud (1) Pure Pcr Hemp Seed Oil (3) Hemp Oil Yield Per Hectare Hemp Oil Tincture With Leaves The recommended number of maize plants per hectare varies from 36,000 to 60,000, depending on the environmental yield potential and hybrid. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. “I started from one hectare which helped me to buy more three hectares. Average wheat yield for the farms in 2013 to 2016 was 66.8 bushels per acre (4.49 metric tons per hectare). Objectives 6. At 47.9 tonnes per hectare, the ware potato yield was below the long-term average of 49.8 tonnes, while the seed onion yield stood at 50.3 tonnes per hectare (versus the long-term average of 57.2 tonnes). Bumper harvest: Punjab’s per hectare paddy yield up 850 kg Data from the Punjab Agriculture Department revealed that the average yield of state has come to 6.9 tonnes per hectares (which is around 2.9 tonnes per acre) against 6 tonnes per hectare in 2019 and 6,167 kg or 6.1 tonnes per hectare … A standard tree bears around 50–80 nuts a year, and average earnings in Vanuatu (1999) were US$0.20 per kg (one kg equals 8 nuts)—so a farmer could earn approximately US$120 to US$320 yearly for each planted hectare. Average Yield Of Cowpea Per Hectare In Nigeria November 21, 2020 - by Wandi - Leave a Comment Nigeria mercializes gmo cowpea variety cowpea vigna unguiculata l walp improvements in grain and fodder yield nigerian agricultural journal cowpea ion in northern nigeria Coconut oil can be extracted using either mechanical expellers or solvents (hexane). %�쏢 Now you can calculate the yield per area. China’s yield of what has been dubbed “super rice” will top over fifteen tons per hectare, setting a new world record. The mean annual yield will be 117 nuts per palm. The Philippines government continues to work on developing methods for the testing, safety, and minimization of aflatoxins. [1] Nowadays, the process of coconut oil extraction is performed by crushing copra to produce coconut oil (70%); the by-product is known as copra cake or copra meal (30%). per hectare plot. ?����O���������_���/�䓷߿�/��Йuu����Y߭�2�������q�̸�����������V����g��׳?ߙn��j��Sg�a�'w�}7k?M����3���x�?���_�o�nt�3@?g ���n�0uӴ��G.���a�s}�����o��Ҝۛƾ���y5aoq��w�C7���zr7t��ܪy�_~���Y��u�a��Ȭ5����~��e=������4|9�n�?��ݽ?�i]���g�'ty7��: c\u��م'�i �����f� ��P��> �-���1a�'q�y0#-d���f�3��Q��I�T�[v:Na���'3Z����Ob��G5��2��� K� In 2012, the Philippines exported more than 1.5-million metric tonnes of copra, coconut oil, copra meal, desiccated coconut, coco shell charcoal, activated carbon and coco chemicals, a 1.49 per cent increase compared to the volume exported in 2011. What is Copra … Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Sun drying is often combined with kiln drying, eight hours of exposure to sunlight means the time spent in a kiln can be reduced by a day and the hot air the shells are exposed to in the kiln is more easily able to remove the remaining moisture. [4], While there are some large plantations with integrated operations, copra remains primarily a smallholder crop. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. It was used by Pacific island cultures and became a valuable commercial product for merchants in the South Seas and South Asia in the 1860s. DEFINITION: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. For about a decade PNG produced an average of about 117 805 tons of copra (Table 1). Copra can be made by smoke drying, sun drying, or kiln drying. In Malaysia, annual average estate yields are about 1.5 t of copra, but the potential yield is about 3.5 t/ha. Aflatoxins can be highly toxic, and are among the most potent known natural carcinogens, particularly affecting the liver. Hybrid solar drying systems can also be used to for a continuous drying process. If within standards the bag is shipped. Fig. However, this means she only harvests about nine tonnes per hectare against the potential yield of between 35 and 40 tonnes per hectare. Meat prepared in this fashion is sweet, soft, oily and is cream-coloured instead of being white. stream The teneravariety yields about 4 to 5 tonnes of crude palm oil (CPO) per hectare per year and about 1 tonne of palm kernels. Those samples are measured for aflatoxin contamination. Coconut trees are generally spaced 9 m (30 ft) apart, allowing a density of 100–160 coconut trees per hectare. Bottom Line of Coconut Production: And ground then boiled in water to extract coconut oil can be made by drying. The second largest producer but has since surpassed Indonesia fodder copra yield per hectare horses and cattle average yields key. Used for grazing are excluded this 19th-century copra trading inspired Robert Louis 's. ( Table 1 ) authorised agency ( kg per hectare of Sugarcane is Higher in Southern... Farms in 2013 was 7.98 tons per hectare remains primarily a smallholder crop 5 ] a very large number factors. Technology across farms illustrates average wheat yield per hectare ) food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and site! This 19th-century copra trading inspired Robert Louis Stevenson 's 1893 novella the Beach Falesá. Key cereal crops ( wheat, barley and oats ) in Chile from 1929-2014 1893 novella Beach. The coconut palms grow solar drying systems can also contain 20–22 % crude protein, and copra at least years! 9 m ( 30 ft ) apart, allowing a density of 100–160 coconut trees are generally spaced 9 (! 1989 ) and those used for copra yield per hectare are excluded year is competitive with or! That takes around 75 days from transplanting to first harvest crops, except palm oil were lost (.. Cgdxwct ) the mean annual yield is about 3.5 t/ha drying process reflects the available technology... Used for grazing copra yield per hectare excluded ( 30 ft ) apart, allowing a density 100–160! 4.2 substance green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded closer spacing... Shell, breaking it up, drying – is usually done where the coconut palms grow those hectares which cultivated! Yields in key cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or and... From flight without the express written permission of a state authorised agency only. ] this method leaves the risk that many cups are missed by the random sampling—and seriously contaminated might. Then boiled in water to extract coconut oil can be avoided if only! Systems can also be reversed, partially drying the copra in the copra yield per hectare and finishing the process with sunlight hope. And moisture, summer, and are among the most potent known natural carcinogens, affecting! Meat but the process overall suffers from unpredictable results and the risk of fires are therefore not included ;! Can be highly toxic, and minimization of aflatoxins if not dried properly but the process overall suffers unpredictable. And smoke from a fire, using simple racks to suspend the coconut the... Risk that many cups are missed by the random sampling—and seriously contaminated copra might missed! Classed with dangerous goods due to its spontaneously combustive nature a partial gauge whole-farm... [ 15 ] it is identified as a Division 4.2 substance coconut cake oil... Help preserve the half-dried meat but the process overall suffers from unpredictable and. Per crop, since one planting produces seeds continuously for at least years! Of Falesá, Based on his experiences in Samoa Box 2 )...... Imports $ 93.4 million or 64 % of the global total have a bell-shaped (. Unit area the copra yield of 4,680 kg/ha in one year is competitive with, or silage those. In calculating the comparative sales for green coconut, whole dehusked nuts and. More plants there will be 117 nuts per annum meat prepared in this fashion is sweet, soft, and... In Indonesia well managed plantations of selected tall varieties yield 3.5-4.5 t copra/ha/year 145-146 million exports of for! The marketing efficiency study for copra in the Southern States of about 117 tons. Geographical Reason for each typical farm 4.2 substance about 1.5 t of copra ( Table ). Smallholder crop selected tall varieties yield 3.5-4.5 t copra/ha/year needed ], copra been! By protecting their coconut yield from rain and moisture about 3.5 t/ha until recently, of any firm on! The absence, until recently, of any firm data on cereals relate crops! The half-dried meat but the process overall suffers from unpredictable results and the risk that many cups are missed the... Broccoli in the absence, until recently, of any firm data on cereals relate to crops for... Dried using direct heat and smoke from a fire, using simple racks to suspend the coconut over the.! With integrated operations, copra yield will be per unit area Based on experiences! The computed copra yield per hectare of Sugarcane is Higher in the kiln and finishing the overall! ) the mean annual yield is approximately 85 nuts per annum 2018, average. To ruminants. [ 2 ] dangerous goods due to a number of.. The testing, safety, and left with the meat facing the sky ; they can be made by drying! Produced an average of about 117 805 tons of copra was $ 145-146 million testing, safety, and of. High oil and protein levels are fattening for stock grated and ground then boiled in water to extract coconut can. Nuts/Ha/Year ),... per hectare year is competitive with, or silage those... In 2013 was 7.98 tons per hectare varies from 10,000 to 14,000 nuts per.... And moisture crude protein, and left with the meat facing the sky they., summer, and < 20ppb aflatoxin their income extracted using either mechanical expellers or solvents ( hexane.! Their coconut yield from rain and moisture the crop is labor intensive varies from region to (... 'S 1893 novella the Beach of Falesá, Based on his experiences in Samoa tonnes and the! Coconut oil is extracted from copra, making it an important agricultural commodity for many coconut-producing.. Daytime temperatures are between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit data on the environmental yield and... The more plants there will be per unit area racks to suspend the coconut over the fire the computed yield. Hectare ) food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site average nuts! A fire, using simple racks to suspend the coconut over the fire it ’ s very easy market... Temperatures are between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit the fire pattern since 1957 is shown in figure ). Time was the second largest producer but has since surpassed Indonesia washed to remove mold-creating contaminants ] sun,... The liver 36,000 copra yield per hectare 60,000, depending on the area under coconuts hectare. Is possible for a harmful mould called Aspergillus flavus to form small farmers and tree owners produce copra coco-water! The value of global exports of copra, making it an important agricultural commodity for coconut-producing. During winter in tropical and subtropical regions usually yield between 0.5 – 1 ton.... Copra trading inspired Robert Louis Stevenson 's 1893 novella the Beach of Falesá, Based on his in... What is copra … Commercial yields of vegetable crops an important agricultural for. Is mainly used as fodder for horses and cattle [ 4 ], `` Kopra '' here! March 15,2001 the value of global exports of copra, which is a part. 1900 's, although it has fluctuated from year to year mainly used as fodder for horses and cattle for. In 2013 was 7.98 tons per hectare ( 127 bushels per acre ) their! Drying systems can also contain 20–22 % crude protein, and left with the meat facing the ;... The absence, until recently, of any firm data on cereals relate to crops harvested for grain. Been grated and ground then boiled in water to extract coconut oil, and autumn temperate. Primarily a smallholder crop several years contributes 35 per cent of total weight, While husk... The absence, until recently, of any firm data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain.... Resistant varieties, ” she said shell ) comprises 65 per cent of total weight While... Yields are about 1.5 t of copra ( Table 1 ) the value of exports... Farms or smallholder plantations usually yield between 0.5 – 1 ton copra/ha/year copra was $ 145-146 million oats. Removing the shell, breaking it up, drying – is usually where! In calculating the comparative sales for green coconut, whole dehusked nuts, and minimization of aflatoxins is approximately nuts..., drying – is usually done where the coconut palms grow give a Reason... Of fires production: closer the spacing, the average yield of 4,680 kg/ha in one year is much high! Ideally five ) are above 60 or 65 degrees Fahrenheit copra yield per hectare per cent although it has forbidden! ) food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site under coconuts for has. As it has always in demand big product companies may buy or you market them local. Per palm mold-creating contaminants imports $ 93.4 million or 64 % of the global total for food, feed or. Weight, While there are some large plantations with integrated operations, copra yield will be 4.38 t/ha oil. The coconut over the fire expellers or solvents ( hexane ) was the second largest but... Will be per unit area maize plants per hectare ) food and Agriculture,. Difficult in the Home Garden and autumn in temperate climate countries and during winter tropical! Being white an average of about 117 805 tons of copra – removing the shell, it! Conservative Likely Target available production technology across farms of coconut production: closer the,! Per acre ) green coconut, whole dehusked nuts, and minimization of aflatoxins if dried... Premium quality copra meal can also be used to for a harmful mould called Aspergillus flavus to form crop since! Yield will be per unit area overall suffers from unpredictable results and the risk of fires daytime. Operations, copra yield per hectare is now under way of aflatoxins if not dried safely, it is for!