Paul is saying that [the first] woman coming from [the first] man is nothing special, because every other man has come “through” (dia) a woman.”. Acts 18:26 tells us that Priscilla, along with her husband Aquila, explained theology or, more precisely, the doctrine of Christian baptism, to a man named Apollos. Chrysostom on 5 Women Church Leaders in the New Testament. This article will briefly look at who Priscilla and Aquila were, and it will explore the meaning of the Greek word for “explain” used in the statement: “they [Priscilla and Aquila] … explained to [Apollos] the Way of God more accurately” (Acts 18:24-26). Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Apollos also seemed to be preaching throughout the world, appearing in Ephesus again later (1 Cor 16:12), and even later in Crete with Zenas, the lawyer (Tit 3:13). We see Timothy and Corinthians as letters to and about things Tim and Paul knew about clearly. It is unclear why Wallace regards ektithēmi as a “vanilla term,” especially considering how Luke uses the word in Acts. In light of the fact that Priscilla did explain Christian doctrine to a man, the blanket ban by some that prohibits women from teaching men must be reassessed and redressed. Moreover when Apollos arrives, they recognise both his gifts and his deficient knowledge and … He became a passionate servant of God who biblical scholars later placed on a level with Peter and Paul. 5:17; Gal. All this evidence suggests that Apollos was a well known and respected leader of the nascent church, who was also an apostle. Apollos was not a Christian at the time that Priscilla and Aquila were teaching him. John Chrysostom, in his Homily 30 on Romans, says that Paul stayed with the couple for two years (cf. “Preach” words based on the Greek kērug– stem are used in much the same way as euaggelizomai (“tell/preach the gospel/good news”) and kataggellō (“announce/preach a message”). 1 Corinthians chapter 14 is about having orderly church gatherings and silencing disorderly talk from tongues-speakers, prophets, and women: the same Greek verb for “silent” is used for each of these three groups of people. Scriptures, but he was ignorant of the essential facts of the gospel (and weak on dispensational truth). An Orthodox Church tradition states that Aquila was one of Jesus’ 70 disciples (Luke 10:1-24). Luke was careful in what order he listed names. Not only were they teachable, but they were able to teach others also. 1) Couples should approach God together. He then went down to Antioch. Therefore passages like 1 Tim 2 are put on a pedestal (for political reasons really) and the rest of the NT is pressed to agree with this position on women. Perhaps the fact that some of the old, trusted, manuscripts show Aquila’s name first and some show Priscilla’s name first would indicate that it really doesn’t matter whose name comes first. Were there women elders in New Testament churches? Priscilla and Aquila went with him. I’m not entirely following the argument. I mean does a missionary’s wife NOT share the gospel with someone that has traveled to them for help when he is not present? He mentions the couple in at least five of his surviving sermons. These word groups are still describing verbal communication–and frankly what happens in the lecture halls we call “church buildings” vary widely and could be described as conversation, oratory, teaching, and storytelling. Scripture doesn’t tell us that Priscilla/Aquila taught in their home church to groups, but it does tell us they did explain/teach/instruct Apollos (Acts 18:26). Aquila and Priscilla returned to Rome by 57 AD where they became church leaders again. Partnering Together: Paul’s Female Coworkers When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately. Some early believers in Jesus became missionaries in unusual ways. When the order of gender is switched around in verse 11, it gives off the impression that it is saying there is a hierarchy in place with the man being superior, but that we are still equal in a way because man still needs women to be born. When he arrived, he was a great help to those who had become believers by God’s grace. Priscilla and Aquila realised that Apollos was only telling part of the Good News. A woman corrected a man’s doctrine by explaining things to him more accurately. I would be very happy if my teaching was described as explaining. (See Acts 13:7, 42-50; 14:1, 3, 12, 14, 23; 15:2, 12, 22, 25, 35-36.). Paul first met Priscilla and Aquila when he went to Corinth as part of his second missionary journey. In the Catholic Church, … Each “group” that desires to do what Gods Word clearly says “Thou Shalt Not”…always has “new theology” as to why it doesn’t apply anymore to this day/age. None of the major English translations include the word “alone” in Romans 3:28 (see They accompanied Paul to Ephesus (Acts 18:18-19) where they instructed the eloquent and brilliant Alexandrian preacher, Apollos. There are two basic meanings for the word ektithēmi. We also know where Paul was at the same time, so there his locations are also discussed and marked. Luke considered Priscilla’s correction of Apollos sufficiently important to include it in his short history. “to cast aside” not just simply “independent of.” Since it was the woman who is disadvantaged in verse 8 and 9, it is the woman who is mentioned first as not being cast aside from the man in vs 11 and 12. There they gave him a better understanding of the way of God. The main problem with 1 Timothy 2:12 is that many Christians use it as their starting point and proof text on the issue of women in leadership ministries. What do you think? Were Priscilla, Phoebe and Junia friends? 16:19). Can you help me with this one? Then he left the brothers and sisters and sailed for Syria. Many different verbs are used in the New Testament in the context of someone communicating aspects of the gospel and the Christian faith. They offer no judgment, no attitude, no mockery. We possess copies of copies of some of these same Greek manuscripts, and they were consulted in producing more recent critical editions of the Greek New Testament. When the apostle Paul met Aquila and Priscilla, they had something in common—all were away from their homeland, banned from Rome, now living in Corinth, and working on tents. In Acts 18:24-26, Luke, traditionally thought to be the author of Acts, introduces his readers to Apollos. Priscilla and Aquila- Acts 18:1-28 16. Priscilla and Aquila teach him so that he might speak "more accurately." Paul mentions them several times and always has good things to say about them. If authoritative teaching is a special category, Priscilla is doing it. Priscilla: Teacher of the Way of God. It seems that eventually—possibly after the death of the Emperor Claudius—they returned to Rome, since Paul sends his greetings to them there (Romans 16:3). What Country are you in? 56 or 57 AD, Paul. It certainly seems that Apollos was an apostle. After Paul left them in Ephesus, they heard Apollos speaking in the synagogue, but his knowledge of the truth was deficient. Why would “two separate” MS groups (The Majority texts and the Minority texts be different in the Greek. Acts 18:24 notes that it was in Ephesus that they met the Egyptian evangelist named Apollos. Aquila. Keep in the context of the article and the cited scripture. Dialegomai is used again in Acts 19:9-10 for Paul’s two-year ministry in the lecture hall of Tyrannus. I say this due to Paul’s instruction in 1 Tim 2:12 – 1 Cor 14:34. The chapter starts by indicating there might be tension around some behaviours in the Christian community and the recommendation is to be peaceable amongst the wider community. Priscilla and Aquila take Apollos aside. KJV is extremely male-biased. Before he sailed, he had his hair cut off at Cenchreaebecause of a vow he had taken.19 They arrived at Ephesus,where Paul left Priscilla and Aquila. Sometimes he travelled and worked alongside Paul as his co-worker; at other times he was sent to a church (that Paul had previously founded) as Paul’s envoy. My wife and I do it all the time. 24 At that time a Jew named Apollos came to Ephesus. Apollos did not know about the new meaning of being baptised. Aquilla and his wife Priscilla meet Paul and he tells them about Jesus. ), At Home with Priscilla and Aquila Before he sailed, he had his hair cut off at Cenchreae because of a vow he had taken. Some people quibble about the meaning of the word “explain” (ektithēmi) used for Priscilla and Aquila’s explanation in Acts 18:26. You quoted me saying: A “Lord’s Day position”? Marg has a BTh from the Australian College of Ministries and an MA with a specialisation in early Christian and Jewish studies from Macquarie University. P.S. And he adds a statement about the church that meets in their home in Rome. Acts 28:23-24 (NASB, underline added.). If that is not teaching, then what is it? I have read comp commentaries where they argue that there is a hierarchy or caste system in place based on the order of creation, but that verse 11 means that men still need women to be born and that is why man is mentioned first as not being independent of woman. 25 Apollos had been taught the way of the Lord. The reading of these texts has been quite often amateurish in my view, one verse plucked from there, and compared to another verse from a different author and time and community and circumstance from there and all mashed together to create doctrine, that sometimes subjugates people! I strongly suspect that Peter’s and Paul’s explanations were not devoid of exhortations. The fact that she and her husband were the ones who took the initiative to correct the doctrine of the teacher Apollos, strongly suggests, however, they were acting as leaders of church at Ephesus. Priscilla, Aquila, and Apollos. Aquila is traditionally listed among the Seventy Disciples. Importantly, however, “to teach” is tied to “authentein” in 1 Tim 2:12. P.S. Then he left the brothers and sisters and sailed for Syria. They asked them to welcome him. The Orthodox Church commemorates them together on February 13, while other Orthodox Churches commemorate Aquila alone as an apostle on July 14. Cross references. So Priscilla and Aquila invited Apollos to their house and explained the new meaning to him. and proclaims that both of them "risked their necks" to save . Moreover, in Acts 28:23 there is unmistakable evidence of rhetorical persuasion. I’ve seen comp commentaries say just that. I hope you’ll bear with me. What in scripture supports that they were church leaders? Priscilla, Aquila and Apollos 18 Paul stayed on in Corinth for some time. If to be taught by a woman was not shameful to an apostle, why should it be to me afterwards to teach … This isn’t the same sort of thing as the difference between “head/source” and “authority”. 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